HOST - You had identified unpaved roads as threat. HOST - Just a word of warning that we recorded this over the internet so the audio quality may be a bit spotty in places. The manager of the Fisheries office, Nadjib Prasyad stated that protecting coral reefs is like protecting the fish. This phenomenon is called âCoral bleaching.â What causes coral bleaching? ROB - So back in 1983, the US Fish and Wildlife Service designated the main island of Culebra and 23 smaller islands in the area as the Culebra National Wildlife Refuge. So in 2010, NOAA and in partnership with Department of Natural and Environmental Resources identified Culebra island as a priority for coral reef conservation which spurred NOAA to begin investing in the region leading to the designation of the Habitat Focus Area as well as Department of Natural and Environmental Resources Marine Extension of the North East Ecological Corridor. ROB - Localized, man made threats are typically the ones that are most easily managed and subsequently a priority for NOAAâs coral reef managers. You will also contribute to reversing the global warming of our planet and the rising temperatures of our oceans. For both marine life and humans on shore, coral reefs provide food, shelter, and protection. Unpaved road on the island of Culebra. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Given their incredible value, it is more important now than ever to address and reverse those threats impacting coral reef ecosystems. 5. Coral reefs are some of the most biologically rich and economically valuable ecosystems on Earth. LISA - Within NOAAâs Restoration Center, we work with local communities to protect and restore coastal habitats to boost fish populations, recover threatened and endangered species, and support resilient coastal communities. HOST: Lisa and Rob, thanks so much for talking with me today. All watersheds affect the oceans and eventually, the coral reefs. MPAs define what is allowed to happen where, and can be set up to achieve a wide variety of objectives. Here are 7 things you can do (and not do) to protect coral reefs. 7. 4. LISA - In 2014, NOAA developed a framework to enhance internal and external collaborations to more effectively address the growing challenge of coastal and marine habitat loss and degradation. Corals on reefs are actually small animals. Stabilizing a road can mean a lot of different things depending on the site. LISA - Research has shown that unpaved roads can produce between 10 to 100 times the amount of sediment than a natural forested landscape can. Other more complicated sites require a range of best management practices or BMPs that remove concentrated runoff of the unpaved road to reduce erosion of the road, disperse the runoff throughout the landscape to allow natural infiltration of stormwater, and trap sediment at key points along the road. These threats ranged from sediments derived from unpaved roads and coastal development, to nutrients from failing septic systems and insufficient stormwater treatment. In total, the restoration plan identified over 21 actions that can be taken throughout the island to reduce pollution sources and improve community stewardship of coastal resources. And lastly, to sustain management of living marine resources dependent on coral reefs. More than 90% are expected to die by 2050. Coral reefs are among the most biologically diverse and valuable ecosystems on Earth. Trash that â¦ Volunteer in local beach or reef cleanups. Protecting coral reefs depends on what experts call proper "vessel management." This information was then used to identify and prioritize opportunities for watershed restoration to reduce pollutant sources within the watershed. ROB - Healthy coral reefs are amongst the most biologically diverse, culturally significant, and economically valuable ecosystems on Earth. Do not stand, touch or anchor your boat on the reef. Coral reefs are fragile, partly because they are sensitive to water conditions. 5 Reasons to Protect Coral Reef Ecosystems. On Culebra these localized, man made threats range from land-based sources of pollution, to unsustainable recreational use - which would include unsustainable fishing practices, as well as physical impacts from things like vessel groundings. Support and volunteer for organizations like Biosphere Foundation that work to protect coral reefs, oceans, rivers, lakes or other waters in your area. So overall, partners are key to our success here. Iâm Marissa Anderson. The worldâs coral reefs are suffering, and chemicals commonly found in sunscreen contribute to the problem. LISA - Since the people living in a watershed are intricately linked to the creation of pollutant sources it is important to fund projects that increase peopleâs awareness of the threats that they may introduce to coral reefs and provide them information of how to reduce those threats to protect corals. In our efforts to reduce land-based sources of pollution specifically, we have partnered closely with Horsley Witten Group and Protectores de Cuencas to develop and implement cost-effective watershed restoration projects to reduce pollutant threats on Culebra. By the numbers, the problem is daunting: 14,000 tons of â¦ Become an informed consumer and learn how your daily choices such as water use, recycling, seafood, vacation spots, fertilizer use, and driving times can positively (or negatively) impact the health of coral reefs. Be sure to check our show notes at the end of the podcast for links on how you can learn more about NOAAâs coral reef conservation and restoration efforts in Culebra and their work in preserving and conserving corals around the world. Talk to your family, friends and neighbors and tell them about coral reefs, the rainforest of the sea, and explain to them about the coral reef crisis. Her work focuses on reducing the negative impact that pollution poses for coral reef habitats and the organisms it supports. Reefs protect coastlines from storms and erosion; provide habitat as well as spawning and nursery grounds for fish; and result in income from fishing, recreation and tourism, among other benefits. The key strategies used in reef protection include defining measurable goals and introducing active management and community involvement to reduce stressors that damage reef health. : lisa and Rob, thanks so much for talking with me today do they impact coral. 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