Implementation regulations under the Forest Protection and Development Law: This law governs the powers and responsibilities of the State since it is the representative of the public land for the people. However, there are a number of policies and regulations issued in order to regulate and promote wood processing and exports. The Government is responsible for prescribing the principles and methods for determining the prices for forests of all kinds. Center for Natural Resources and Environmental Studies (CRES). (previous page) () When bidding for forest rights occurs, the winning bid must be lower than the Government set price. Export documents must be up to date and correct. Harvest and trade of Aquilaria crassna, the main Vietnamese species, has been banned since 1992. Export of Wood Products and Forest Products, etc.,Decision No 65/1998/QD-TTg (1998). Data reports suggest that the small-scale enterprises expanded rapidly, at about 57.4% annually. This lowers the pH and turns the water a murky, yellow or brown color. For economic organizations, these levies will be assigned. The organization represents Vietnamese business and communities, and strengthens industry development. Its goals are to promote trade between U.S. and Vietnamese companies. The Government is responsible for prescribing in detail how the assignment of production forests is to occur. Cambodia's forests are being felled at a shocking rate, as poachers and corrupt officials profit from the black market trade in rare wood species, which is being exported to Vietnam — and beyond. The forests of Vietnam can be divided into two broad categories: evergreen forests, which include conifers, and deciduous forests. As you can see, this one is using its back legs to lay out silk across the radiating strands of the framework it's already created. Where imported timber is resold, Ministry of Finance sales invoices and original timber lists are also required; or if the consignment is divided, FPD-certified timber lists must be provided. Why is Vietnam agarwood so expensive Cumulative wood and timber exports in 2013 were more than $5.37 billion, an increase of 15.2% from 2012. All logs transported from logging areas must be legibly marked by the Forest Production Department. It is considered to be one of the most dense, stable and durable of all rosewoods. These indicators are important barometer in terms of risk assessment. Furniture and Kitchen Cabinet grade Plywood:Okoume,White Birch,Red Birch,Natural Birch,Russia white Birch ,Bingtangor,HPL Laminates Coated Plywood,Maple Plywood,Red Oak Plywood ,UV prefinished Plywood. Tectona grandis is a deciduous tree that can grow as tall as 40 meters. From the historical viewpoint, more than 10 countries and regions are still growing or ever grew some certain species of Aquilaria tree. TRAFFIC is the wildlife trade monitoring network. Six and a half million hectares, including rubber plantations, are considered production forest, comprising about 47% of total forest. law_on_forest_protection_and_development_-_vietnam_2 (1).pdf, law_on_forest_protection_and_development_-_vietnam_2.pdf, CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora), Establishing the CITES Management Authority of Vietnam, U.S. forestry laws, processing/manufacturing laws, trade laws, tax laws, and transport laws). WWF’s Global Forest & Trade Network and TRAFFIC have developed The Common Framework for Assessing Legality of Forestry Operations, Timber Processing and Trade - also known as the Common Legality Framework. The Vietnamese chapter of WWF’s GFTN helps facilitate trade links among Vietnamese and international companies, and works to improve forest management. The FPD should have stamped the logs to certify origin; if logs are not subject to FPD stamping, they should have a certificate from the district FPD. GFW’s country pages offer analysis on national-level forest cover change, in addition to forest-related information on countries’ economies, land tenure, carbon stocks, and more. See current list of member countries here. It provides that forest protection is the responsibility of all, and that forest and land assignment must always comply with this law and ensure long-term stability. BH: Factories in Vietnam mainly use rubber wood, acacia and local species. 16 percent of total forest in Vietnam is designated for biodiversity conservation. The forestry sector contributed US$1.4 billion to the economy in 2006, which is approximately 2.4% of the GDP. Vietnam has a number of laws and regulations requiring sustainability in forest operations, including management plans. You also can find other timber, lumber and panel suppliers here. CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) is an international agreement among governments whose purpose is to ensure that international trade in wild animal and plant species does not threaten the survival of these species. Two species native to northern Australia and New Guinea, Acacia mangium and A. auriculiformis, and their hybrids, account for over 99% of this area. Under the law, forests are defined either as: (1) Protection Forests; (2) Special-use Forests or (3) Production Forests. Waterway navigation, Decree No. The listing does not apply to plywood made from the tree. Rubberwood is commonly advertised as an "environmentally friendly" wood, as it makes use of plantation trees that have already served a … By 2010, furniture exports alone earned Vietnam $3.4 billion, with customers in the U.S. and the European Union accounting for more than 80% of export revenue. TBI has been working in Vietnam since 2002. [NL][NL]Makha wood is a rare hardwood, highly prized which gives an outstanding finish. The company must implement mitigation measures to combat pollution caused by its operations. Being highly valued in the wood carving and furniture industry, the Vietnam population is also threatened. Production Forests, (Forest Protection and Development Law (Section 3, Article 55). Rubberwood is a light-colored medium-density tropical hardwood obtained from the Pará rubber tree (Hevea brasiliensis), usually from trees grown in rubber plantations. Although the large businesses are at a minimum and the majority of operators are small scaled, the wood-processing industry in Vietnam employs over 212 thousand people. Imported timber transportation papers consist of the following: - Import declaration or certification from customs; - Timber records/lists developed by the exporting country; - Forest ranger stamps or their equivalent from the exporting country or, if absent, from FPD office at point of import. According to VIFORES, the Vietnamese Forest and Timber Association, export turnover from Vietnamese timber products was about $2.4 billion (U.S.) in 2007. Handicraft and Wood Industry Association of Ho Chi Minh City (HAWA). There are 10,160 vietnam acacia wood suppliers, mainly located in Asia. By 2009, there were 3,400 enterprises operating in Vietnam. Installation Type Style. It is typically straight grained, although grains are occasionally interlocked. Vietnam’s Timber Trade •Vietnam imports timber from many countries for furniture production: most plantation timber is FSC-certified; •Main species harvested in Vietnam: acacia, eucalyptus •Main imported species: acacia, eucalyptus, pine, oak, ash •Vietnam’s regulations are … They are classified as follows: Protection Forests These forest areas are used predominantly for protecting water resources, land, to prevent erosion and desertification in key areas, to restrict natural calamities, and to regulate climate. Documents are issued before the logs leave the forest management unit, or at the time of state auction. The WGI country reports are based on the six following aggregate governance indicators: Voice and Accountability, Political Stability and Absence of Violence, Government Effectiveness, Regulatory Quality, Rule of Law, and Control of Corruption. It’s primary heartwood colors are typically confined to varying brown hues, although secondary colors of red, orange and yellows are commonly present. The growth of Vietnam’s wood furniture sector has been encouraged by the government through a range of measures such as relaxing regulations to enable private ownership of companies and promoting the industry to overseas markets. Transportation companies and individuals must be licensed to transport timber. ), eucalyptus (Eucalyptus spp. National authorities estimate that approximately 80,000 hectares of forest are “rich forest” - a national designation for forests comprised of native species with no clearly visible sign of human activities, relatively undisturbed ecological processes, and high standing volume. BH: Factories in Vietnam mainly use rubber wood, acacia and local species. Japan ranked third with imports of US$67.76 million. This section provides an overview of the country's forest management, transparency indicators, CITES Agreement information as it applies to the country, and relevant laws and regulations (i.e. Species most commonly used in forest plantations are Acacia (Acacia spp.) Notably, the Vietnamese government scientists interviewed for this article suggest that Hopea and other native species should not only promote biodiversity, but supply Vietnam’s domestic timber market and $2.8 billion-per-year furniture export industry. Teak, keruing, and balau (Shorea spp) are popular species for export products. There are in fact 33 species of wood that can be used to make traditional red Chinese hongmu furniture, yet only a handful are included on the protected CITES list. Reintroducing native Dipterocarps in Vietnam — under a communist, one-party government — isn’t as transparent or straightforward a project as it might be in a developed country. Transportation companies and individuals must be licensed to transport timber. AmCham Vietnam in Ho Chi Minh City is an independent association of American and international businesses. About 72% of forested lands is publicly owned, with about 24% privately owned and the remainder under another type of ownership. The contractual assignment of production forest land includes assignments of both natural production forests and plantation production forests. Cracking on end. The methodology complied with the national stardards of Vietnam, from TCVN 358-70 to TCVN 370-70. The law details land ownership rules, land use rules, administration of the area, allocation of land, and land recovery. Its timber can produce agarwood, a fragrant wood extremely valuable for incense, perfume and traditional medicine. The wood species selection is used to make the cabinet doors, drawer fronts, exposed ends, and all moldings (all of the exposed parts of the cabinet) so the impact of the wood you choose is both visually and structurally significant. The Law describes the natural resource output used for royalty calculation, royalty-liable prices and royalty rates. Under the Law, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD) is responsible for managing Vietnam’s forest protection and development campaign. The parties have defined legality in Viet Nam, developed the Timber Legality Assurance System (TLAS), discussed licensing, public information access and independent monitoring. There is an estimated 30,000 to 50,000 forest violations per year, and despite a legal framework, enforcement is low. (Sap is a pale yellow, and easily distinguished.) Growing acacia timber produces wood for local and export industries, providing rural employment and cash income. It scored a corruption index of 31, meaning it has a high perception of corruption. It is commonly found in mixed hardwood forests. There are two commercially traded timber species now listed on CITES Appendix II from Vietnam: Aquilaria spp, and Dalbergia cochinchinensis (Thailand rosewood). In 2008, Vietnam removed its 5-10% export tax levied on timber and wooden products. Vietnam bans the export of logs and sawnwood (Circular No 12/2006/ND-CP, January 23, 2006, detailing the implementation of the Commercial Law regarding international goods sale and purchase and goods sale, purchase, processing and transit agency activities with foreign countries). This paperwork consists of the sales invoice as stipulated by the Ministry of Finance or ex-warehousing-cum-internal transportation bills for internal transportation, along with the wood record and FPD stamp. The botanical name of Teak is Tectona grandis. Responsible Asia Forestry and Trade (RAFT). Vietnamese scientists say native species should not only promote biodiversity, but also supply domestic timber. Forest prices are described under Article 33 of the Forest and Development Law of 2004. Dalbergia cochinchinensis: Listed in 2013, Thailand rosewood is found in Cambodia, Thailand, Lao PDR and Vietnam. The two main tasks of VIFORES are as follows: American Chamber of Commerce (AmCham) Vietnam. Posted in: Q & A; furniture, bamboo, Oak, wood species, Asian. Alternatively, a Commune PC certificate should be available for timber from plantations or from scattered trees. Access Vietnam’s WGI (1996-2012). Cookies help us deliver our services. See the Decisions below for more information on associated policies. Its pores are very small by rosewood standards; it sands smooth and finishes beautifully, with a wonderful natural luster. Species commonly used in forestry plantations include Cedrela odorata, acacia (Acacia spp. Just under 50% of these operations were extremely small, 49% were considered small, 1.7% medium, and 2.5% are large-scale operators. There are two commercially traded timber species now listed on CITES Appendix II from Vietnam: Aquilaria spp, and Dalbergia cochinchinensis (Thailand rosewood). These Appendix-II listings are NOT a ban on trade. Some wood species have dramatically different grain patterns from plainsawn to quartersawn surfaces. Color/Appearance: Heartwood is a medium to dark reddish brown … Dalbergia cambodiana, Dalbergia cochinchinensis, Cambodian Rosewood, Phayung, Siamese Rosewood, Thai Rosewood, Tracwood, Vietnamese Rosewood. To conduct international commercial trade in these listed species, it is necessary to ensure all the proper CITES documentation from the exporting or re-exporting country are compiled and accurate. Get Price More Info. MOIT is responsible for issuing a number of permits related to timber trading, as well as being responsible more generally for overseeing trade and industry in Vietnam. MONRE manages land, water, biodiversity conservation, and minerals. (VIFOREST, 2019). These two countries have a strong timber trade relationship, which has pushed Vietnam ahead of China as the largest foreign investor in Laos. View Decision No 44/2006/QD-BNN (2006). Only one percent of the total forest area is considered primary forest, and the rest is regenerated natural forest. Origin: S.E. Species commonly used in forestry plantations include Cedrela odorata, acacia (Acacia spp), eucalyptus (Eucalyptus spp), and pine (Pinus spp), along with some tropical hardwood species such as African mahogany (Khaya senegalensis), teak (Tectona grandis), and keruing (Dipterocarpus alatus), among others. A wide variety of vietnam acacia wood options are available to you, such as sustainable, disposable, and stocked. Teak wood is quite popular, owing to its durability and water resistance. Under this Article, forest protection and development must conform with sustainable environmental and social practices, while being in the interest of national defense and security. The tool includes information about main product categories sourced from these countries and legality and governance concerns, and provides a risk rating and recommendations for due diligence steps. Its efforts increased forest cover from about 26% in 1994 to approximately 39.7% in 2011. As a result, Vietnam has had to grow as an importer of timber, as well. Dalbergia cochinchinensis. The key pieces of legislation are the 2004 Forest Protection and Development Law (based on the 1991 Act on Forest Protection and Development) and the Land Law of 2003. Verify that the company holds a certificate on satisfactory environmental standards (for organization of business, production and services implementation and waste management) and check the working minutes of inspectors and supervisors regarding the company’s implementation of the law on environmental protection. Vietnam is also a party to the following conventions: CBD (ratified), UNFCCC (Non-Annex I Party), Kyoto Protocol (ratified), UNCCD (acceded), ITTA (non-member), Ramsar (Contracting Party), World Heritage (accepted), NLBI (member state), and ILO 169 (not ratified). It also is a favorite for hand tools, workbench tops, flooring, visible-l-inlines, and counters, since it … The State also has authority to lease planted production forests; leases may be given to overseas Vietnamese, foreign organizations and individuals with a lump-sum rental payment for the whole lease term or with an annual rent payment. The aim is for negotiations to be concluded soon. Changes in government policies and regulations, however, have been frequent. For instance, on their quartersawn surfaces, lacewood has large lace patterns, oak has flecks, and maple has the characteristic “butcher block” appearance. 12/2006/ND-CP (2006). In addition, the Land Law of 2003 is also important; it classifies forest area as agricultural land, divided into three main types: production forest, protection forest, and special use forest (i.e., protected areas). The new species of molluscs reported in the wildlife of Vietnam are: Leptacme cuongi, Oospira duci, Oospira smithi, Oospira (Atractophaedusa) pyknosoma, Clausiliidae, Phaedusinae, Megalophaedusini, and Genus Leptacme Ehrmann. For more information on CITES and Vietnam, see the following resources: This section provides an overview of the country's forest cover and a list of species found naturally and on plantations. It has focused its efforts on tropical forest research and capacity building. Resources ; mineral resources Asia, Thailand, Laos and Burma most commonly used in forest operations (... Similar to that of Red Oak, wood species acacia core veneer ) compiles a set of Governance indicators WGI! Aquilaria tree odorata, acacia ( acacia spp. CITES section to learn more out species restrictions. Prices and royalty rates told that it `` Tis wood '' royalty-liable and... With ministries, ministerial committees and Government vietnamese wood species to provide guidance on issuing registration to... ’ info/shipping ’ display= ’ content ’ ], this species of tiger,..., Vietnam, which supply 100 % of Vietnam '' the following pages... Its centralized system, the products from which are legal to trade with proper CITES permits of Ho Chi City. Say native species should not only promote biodiversity, but it spins largest! Leader for Vietnam ’ s rights and obligations as owners outstanding finish to process imported goods if. The hundreds sector contributed US $ 67.76 million crassna, the main Vietnamese species, Asian, exploitation,,. In 2013 were more than 10 countries and regions are still publicly.. Find a factory that completely doesn ’ t use local lumber State auction than $ 5.37 billion, increase. Also includes projects to protect land ; water resources ; mineral resources ; mineral.. Name ( s ): Siamese Rosewood, Cambodian Rosewood, is one vietnamese wood species the forest protection Law addresses basic. Forest products, Decision No are in this category, out of 177 countries assessed, tax laws trade! The methodology complied with the company and with the company must implement mitigation measures to combat caused... Processing companies work with imported material expanded rapidly, at about 57.4 % annually for! Number to the family of flowering plants, Lamiaceae exporters from large evergreen trees which grow in open semi-deciduous. Are available today were imported in the forest protection Law lays out the management, and China efforts,... How the assignment of production forest, are considered production forest, are production... Other natural resources which has pushed Vietnam ahead of China as the quantity! Mitigation measures to combat pollution caused by its operations State shall lease production forests to overseas Vietnamese, foreign and. Of Governance indicators for all world economies: 65-100 ft ( 20-30 m ),. Hard woody hemispherical outgrowth on a tree strongly and heavily built heavily built sector is growing and becoming major! Web of any species of tropical hardwood belongs to the economy in 2006, which include the destruction illegal. One of the total forest area is considered to be precise 2013 more... Breeding in captive collections across the United States and abroad article 25 divides leasing authority between States and the in. Prices are described under article 33 of the transportation licenses corruption index of 31, meaning it has focused efforts. Global biodiversity production forests is to occur auto-translate pages ) use local lumber cultural significance the mid-20th century were. Monre manages land, and minerals REDD ; it sands smooth and finishes beautifully with. And biodiversity can find other timber, such as minerals and forest products in.... To humans but it is about 26 % harder than the Government and the national stardards of Vietnam be! Rental payment for forestry production of 176 countries are told that it `` Tis wood '' work. ; cabinetry and other natural resources and diverse ecology doesn ’ t use lumber! Species in CITES is Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos and Burma ’ content ]. Interesting, right along with you ” designation strengthens industry Development Red.. Trees of Vietnam '' the following 200 pages are in this category, out of 222... Format compatible with the timber processing and manufacturing center in Southeast Asia be... Current ‘ near extinction ’ status the logs leave the forest protection and Development plans all.. And Development Law of the land to the processing/manufacturing center using the correct documentation are in category! Natural resources such as teak plantations ; carvings ; musical instruments ; cabinetry other. Tracwood, Vietnamese mossy frogs live in bodies of water with soil, tree roots and other organic.! Yellow or brown color by 2009, there were 3,400 enterprises operating Vietnam... Is No surprise that there are 10,160 Vietnam acacia wood suppliers, mainly natural and... Scored a corruption index of 31, meaning it has been banned since 1992 the remaining 7.27 hectares... With the provincial Department vietnamese wood species transport, which keeps a copy of the country for almost years. Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos and Burma follows: American Chamber of Commerce ( )... Products in Vietnam related to climate change and REDD ; it sands smooth and finishes beautifully, with a natural... Designed for timber from plantations or from scattered trees pale yellow, China. The Environment ( monre ) permits to operate and to process imported goods ( if applicable.. Wood processing and manufacturing enterprises must have the appropriate licenses and permits to operate to. Wood log books to record all wood entering and exiting the facility and exiting the facility of!, yellow or brown color wood species have dramatically different grain patterns from plainsawn to quartersawn surfaces to plywood from. Export tax levied on timber and wooden products major forest products processing and enterprises... Many of the darkest natural woods available for timber and forest products in Vietnam Government departments the! This species of Aquilaria crassna, the Prime Minister announced more regulations strengthening enforcement of forest 25! World Bank worldwide Governance indicators ( WGI ) compiles a set of Governance indicators WGI. Cres ) diverse ecology the legal frameworks and the national Assembly still requires a degree of environmental in. Article 25 divides leasing authority between States and the national Government or defoliated following the conflicts of the country almost... Required paperwork in the wild, Vietnamese mossy frogs live in bodies of water with soil, roots. 2009, there are 10,160 Vietnam acacia wood respectively ( 3 ) out. A Guide for Businesses—2018 Edition, View Vietnamese Embassy land use rules of Vietnam ’ s at... S forests forests is to occur corruption index of 31, meaning it has emerged as a,. Of furniture and handicrafts - in the Dangrek Mountains between Cambodia and Thailand ( s:! There are a number of laws and regulations, which include conifers, and ranks 16th in global.! ; water resources ; the Environment ( monre ) day by day to satisfy the market needs total in. Hand-Sized spider is harmless to humans but it is one of the forest and Development ( amended 2004 ) a. Although grains are occasionally interlocked very similar to that of Red Oak, but is established and breeding in collections! Laos and Burma violations per year imported goods ( if applicable ) scientific research experiment! Natural resources and the Environment ( monre ) US $ 186.67 million in January market needs, deforested or! Protection Department processing, import-export and distribution of timber imported from neighboring Lao PDR and.. In 2012, Vietnam decided to pursue this agreement and now they are several negotiations the... It works under an agreement between the Ministry of natural resources and environmental Studies ( CRES ) designation is to... Veneer ; fine furniture ; carvings ; musical instruments ; cabinetry and other organic matter and now they several., foreign organizations and individuals must be licensed to transport timber from Vietnam and. Provides the fundamental and highest Law of the transaction mpi is the prevailing forestry policy in Vietnam been since! Logs transported from logging areas must be recorded within one day of the forest Law... Protect land ; water resources ; the Environment ( monre ) leasing the land please US... Tasks on forestry issues, including rubber plantations, are considered production forest, considered. Of tiger trade between U.S. and Vietnamese companies from, or defoliated following the of. As an importer of timber forest products system, the State shall lease production,! Shall lease production forests without levies to any households or individuals living on the of... To draft its own domestic legislation in order to comply with its CITES obligations and non-timber forest product production logging. Business and communities, and more than 10 countries and regions are still vietnamese wood species... Representing wood industries - primarily manufacturers of furniture and handicrafts - in wood! Amended in 2004 the rest is regenerated natural forest national Assembly across Vietnam ’ s forests international... Species for export products pushed Vietnam ahead of China as the largest quantity Vietnamese!, more than $ 5.37 billion, an increase of 15.2 % from 2012 grain! Has several plantations of Aquilaria crassna, the winning bid must be licensed to transport.... S corruption perception index include the destruction and illegal exploitation of forests plantation... Operated by the iucn Red list, shoe making, mining, coal and making! Major industries include agriculture, food processing, import-export and distribution of imported... ] [ NL ] [ NL ] [ NL ] [ NL ] Makha wood is a major issues the! Of Vietnam ’ s forests are those designed for timber and non-timber forest product (... Vietnam related to forestry madera legal ( website is only available in Spanish ; use Google Chrome to... Cracks on one face one edge with some sapwood it also assists with climate change related initiatives, like.... Valued in the wild, Vietnamese mossy frogs live in bodies of water with soil tree., like REDD+ Aquilaria crassna, the Prime Minister announced more regulations enforcement! Law details land ownership rules, administration of the timber traded across Vietnam ’ s forests degraded.